Photo credit: Dhahabu. India is the second-largest producer of bamboos in the world. He is sometimes eating 14 hours a day and then works at least ten, but sometimes sixty kilos of bamboo inside. It grows incredibly quickly, producing shoots that are able to grow 12 inches in just one day. Types of Bamboo Stéphane Schröder 12/16/12 Types of Bamboo Stéphane Schröder 12/16/12. Arching bamboo with yellow culms. The Giant bamboo is popularly used in India for bridge construction. Native to the Indo-china, this bamboo can grow 17-32 feet in height and up to 4-8 centimeters in diameter. Culms and branches are light green with dark green stripes. Culm sheaths persistent. Strongly arched culms with narrow leaves. Culms branch out after first winter. If you want to grow the bamboo yourself, you will need to be sure that it’s suitable for your climate and soil type. Initially you don't need to know very much to help you decide which type would suit your requirements but you do need to know about bamboo growth habits. American Bamboo Species South America is the richest region of the Americas in terms of the diversity and number of woody bamboo species. Whether you have an Oriental, beautifully tropical, or contemporary garden- there’s one set of plants that’ll perfect work with every kind of garden- bamboo. Bamboo is a grass, not a type of wood. They can grow up to 8-25 feet, depending on the species of bamboo. The leaves grow up to 5-13 inches in length. Culms turn dark red, brown, and sometimes almost black. Has small delicate leaves. These special clumping bamboos are actually known as the world’s hardiest bamboos but aren’t an invasive species.  henonsis and Sasa veitchii f. tyugokensis. Bamboo is a versatile plant that can be used to create a number of things and used for multiple purposes. New shoots and leaves have a marbled texture in cream and dark purple. Bamboo is a type of woody plant that belongs to the grass family. Native to. Have about 15 closely spaced two-rank leaves. The Giant Bamboo known as the Dendrocalamus Giganteus is a giant subtropical and tropic clumping bamboo. Bamboo is one of the most sought after plants to create fantastic decorations in any type of garden. It impedes the regeneration of tree species so that they don’t grow too hurry and die off from the cold. , Chimonobambusa macrophylla var. Bamboo is the fastest-growing woody plant in the world. A giant tropical bamboo that has tough culms with long branches. Unlike the two types of Bamboo Indonesia above, this Bambu Pagar can also be found even in residental area in Indonesia. Leaves have white stripes, and culms have green sulci. It has two main subspecies called the Arundinaria Gigantea and ssp. It is native to Southeast Asia and is one of the largest species of bamboo in the world. Horizontal Bamboo 1. Has edible shoots, and is used to make paper in India. There are more than 1,450 species of bamboo plants. It is pronounced as ‘zhu’. Clumping mountain bamboo that has many equal branches. These three species once covered nearly five million acres of land in Am… They are clumping bamboo and form a substantial clump when conditions are favorable. 1. The culms have internodes that are smooth and cylindrical, but slightly tapering, sheaths are usually not shed, unusually small for bamboo, New culms are covered in gray blooms for most of first year. As a specialty bamboo nursery, our collection includes many varieties of clumping and running bamboos from around the world. 375-397, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_bamboo_species&oldid=994217152, Articles with dead external links from December 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Culm sheaths green, glabrous, shorter than internodes, yellow-brown to brown setose. 1. Grows at elevations above 6,000 feet (1,800 m) above sea level. Have flexible culms, and sweet shoots. This distinguishes it from engineered bamboo, which combines bamboo wear layers with wood cores and … Golden yellow culms with green stripes that look like paint dripping down the culm. vulnerable to becoming an endangered species. Some bamboo plants grow as small as 1 foot in height while others can grow to be over 100 feet at full maturity.  Closely related to. A single individual cane can live for about a decade. Bamboo plants are an amazing plant? Has short swollen lower green internodes. In pots it becomes dwarf, and has swollen internodes. It can grow in full sun or shade and has palm-like leaves. Some species can also be grown as bonsai trees. Has many equal sized branches on each node.  They are now available in many nurseries over the world since they are affordable and have thick clumping habits. Forms a thick clump of thick walled culms. 1. Solid near base, straight and thick walled. It uses a large network of thick underground rhizomes to spread. Initially you don't need to know very much to help you decide which type would suit your requirements but you do need to know about bamboo growth habits. It has lance-shaped leaves, and its inflorescence has panicles or racemes. Chilean bamboo is a very important plant since it controls the patterns of forest dynamics. Because he cannot digest this food as a predator, he has to eat a lot of it. Solid near base, straight and thick walled, striped near the base. 15. On the lower surface of purple branches, the leaves are pubescent. Shoots have peach tones. The split culms are used for making mats, baskets and fences. In the tribe Bambuseae also known as bamboo, there are 91 genera and over 1,000 species. Bamboo is a grass, not a type of wood. Culms are square, yellow, have a few green stripes, and rounded corners. Spreading bamboo, also called running bamboo, will cover any distance up to 100 feet (30.5 m) within a relatively short time period. Has little leaves on small branches that completely surround the nodes. It is also used as reinforcement of concrete, scaffolding, ladders, house frames in walls, tiles, and floor coverings. Strand woven bamboo flooring complies with European standards of quality because most of the equipment comes from Germany. The clumping and running species. Has pale yellow culms with green stripes. Each type of bamboo has its own distinguishing characteristics and family of species. Has arching culms, and brown rings on culm sheaths near the base of the culm. Bamboo Types . Unlike most bamboos, the stems of the Chilean bamboo are completely solid. Common Types of Bamboo Used in Construction . They are native to Korea and Japanese regions like Kyushu, Honshu, and Honshu. Climbs over other plants, and is a vining species. Young culms are hairy. Here are some more things you’d want to know about the different types of bamboo. A dwarf species with tiny leaves under 1 inch (25 mm) long. Has large shiny leaves, rough culms, and hairy culm sheaths. They are the favorite food of the cute Giant Pandas. Leaves can be up to 20 inches (510 mm) long, and 4 inches (100 mm) wide. Bamboo flooring is extremely versatile and durable and stronger than most hardwood alternatives. Places those are dry or wet for the most part of the year. leiboensis, Drepanostachyum falcatum var. Types of Bamboo Stéphane Schröder 11/9/14 Types of Bamboo Stéphane Schröder 11/9/14. Cold-sensitive Clumping Bamboo for mild climates including Bambusa, Otatea, Himalayacalamus. A vigorous bamboo with extremely thick walls. Dwarf Green Stripe bamboo’s scientific name is Pleioblastus. Bamboo flooring is different to hardwood flooring. Grow at very high altitudes. Bamboo flooring comes in a variety of types. Lower half of culms are blue and have no branches. Lower branches are long and covered with thorns. Bamboo Flooring Grain Types. Bamboo … Some species have adapted and naturalized in Australia, America, southern Europe, and Asia. Classification unknown. Solid bamboo flooring. 2 (1998), pp. Three running bamboo varieties that are very cold hardy include: Golden Grove; Black bamboo; Kuma bamboo; Two cold hardy clumping bamboo plant types are: Chinese Mountain; Umbrella bamboo Persistent pale red culm sheaths that are much longer than internodes. im Fachbereich Kunst und Design der Universität Duisburg-Essen vorgelegt von Xiaobing Yu aus Yibin, China Datum der Abgabe: 14.05.2007 Erstgutachter: Prof. Dr.-Ing. Types of Bamboo in India. Has swollen nodes. It should be protected so that its numbers don’t deplete since many animals and habitats depend on the bamboo tree. Edible Bamboo Species Of the 1575 known bamboo species worldwide, 110 species are recorded to have edible shoots. They are also used to make trutruca, which is a musical instrument. It was also widely used by many indigenous people to make blowguns, bows, arrows, medicine, flutes, walls, candles, knives, tobacco pipes, sleeping mats, fish traps, and more. Has yellow culms striped with green. Has erect culms, short branches, and wide leaves. Nodes have a ring of root thorns. Right around 500 unique types of bamboo has found in our universe even in some cases inside several subspecies can check their quality. New shoots start in fall or winter. Can survive at -32°C with only minor leaf burn. The cane has a rounded, hollow stem which can grow up to 10m or 33 ft tall. Bamboos are a woody perennial plant that belongs to the true grass family called Poaceae [source: ScienceDaily.com]. Type # 10. Before you can just pick any bamboo on the market for construction, check out the list below to know which type will be ideal for construction. The culms of the bamboo are straight and have a powdery appearance. It is during this period that the poles are harvested for … For the type of conservation covered by this manual, columns and roof members should be 80-100mm in diameter with wall thickness of 10-12mm. Side branches have soft spines. Arundinaria Gigantea has common names like Giant Cane and River Cane. It is the East Asian genus of the monopodial bamboo. Internodes flat above branches, and are powdery white. Has short swollen lower green internodes, and is striped with dark green. Types of Bamboo Poles. Phyllostachys is commonly known as Black Bamboo and belongs to the genus of Asian bamboo. Dark and arching, and has whorls of small leaves. This nearly led to the loss of the art of basket making, which is still an important part of the economy of the Cherokee people. An oil can be extracted from the culms. They are an invasive species that need to be grown in containers or restricted artificially. Has very fine leaves, and grows at high elevations in. 13 Different Types of Bamboo For Home and Garden. Base of culm sheaths densely hairy. We get three basic types of bamboo grain types in bamboo flooring – horizontal, vertical, and strand-woven. In pots it becomes dwarf, and has swollen internodes. There are 2 main types of bamboo, runners and clumpers. Arches very gracefully. The bamboo is a lofty, beautiful, and spectacular plant that has been grown for a couple of centuries. Some of the buds grow into new underground rhizomes, some grow into shoots and develop into stems. Clumping bamboos on the other hand does spread fast, they, however, form clumps instead and grows bigger every year. See some of the different types of bamboos you can get and learn their scientific names or common names. Thin-walled culms are covered with white powder. This bamboo occurs in the Nilgiris, Palghat and Tinnevelly, in South India, at an elevation of 1800-2600 m. It forms a gregarious undergrowth in the evergreen sholas. Yellow groove bamboo is one of the medium-high bamboo types which is around 15 to 30 feet or 5 to 9 meters. Bamboo species are mainly divided into two main types: runners and clumpers.  Clumper bamboo trees grow into a slowly expanding tuft while runners produce shoots several meters away from the parent plant. It has only recently been added to the world's bamboo inventory. Deep purple almost black culms, with faint green stripes. It is pronounced as ‘zhu’. There are more than 1,450 species of bamboo plants. This variety can spread to about 100km away from the parent plant, making it a fast growing invasive plant. Also known as. White stripes on the leaves and many culms also have white leaves. They are distributed from the humid lowland forest at sea level to the highlands in the Andes up to 4,300 m. Monastery bamboo, Umbrella bamboo, Thai umbrella bamboo, or Umbrella-handle bamboo … The culm or stem of the black bamboo forms a prominent groove called sulcus. The young shoots of the Giant Bamboo are a blackish purple color. Yellow internodes with green stripes. At a height of up to 100 feet, the giant bamboo is the tallest type of bamboo in existence. There are basically 3 types of bamboo rhizomes: Monopodial type (Runner) Monopodial bamboos or running bamboos, have thin rhizomes which extend horizontally underground for long distances. Types of Bamboo in India. Types of Bamboo Indonesia. There are many branches at each node. Running Bamboo is categorized after its rooting characteristics. Culms are 2 to 3 m high and about 1.2 cm diameter. It is a moderate to large species of bamboo known as the largest Neotropical bamboo types in the world. In the ground it has zigzag culms and branches. Culms have yellow sulci. Cold-hardy types. May be the same as. That means that it actually grows up to 3.8-5.0 centimeters in an hour! Clumpers grow from the soil in a slowly expanding tuft. Chinese mountain bamboo or wind break bamboo, Has leaves that can be up to a foot long. Bamboo, (subfamily Bambusoideae), subfamily of tall treelike grasses of the family Poaceae, comprising more than 115 genera and 1,400 species. Type # 10. There are even some varieties that grow as much as 4 feet in height per day. Bambu Tutul (Bambusa maculata) They are called ‘Jian Zhu’ in Chinese, which means arrow bamboo. It also tolerates light frosts. Bamboo types are split into two different sorts, running type and clumping type.  The trees are usually found in low altitudes fewer than 1,500m, but some species can live in altitudes higher than 2,500m. This character, pronounced zhu depicts two leafed twigs of bamboo. Over-exploitation has led to the depletion of its natural numbers. There is a ring of silky brown hair beneath each node, and few branches. This is why it is mowed to the ground in spring by gardeners to maintain its attractiveness. Bamboo types are split into two different sorts, running type and clumping type. It produces flowers and seeds irregularly, based on the conditions around it. There are 2 main types of bamboo, runners and clumpers. The cultivation of this bamboo takes place all over the country. Has bright green culms and small paper thin leaves. A Bamboo plant takes about seven to eight years to reach full maturity. New culms are light blue, and as they age they become yellow with thin striae. Comes from Mexico. Although it's a little more complicated than this, the two main different types within bamboo species are basically; running bamboo (Monopodial) and clumping bamboo (Sympodial). Thin walled drooping, a bamboo that is often confused with. The split culms are used for making mats, baskets and fences. These canes start out with a chalky white residue covering them, but as they age, they take on a faded dark blue through to pale green color. While some could be easily placed at different places in your home, some others would be too massive in structure or evasive in nature to be brought in your residence. A one-member genus found in the forests of southeastern Brazil.  It flowers annually. Neotropical Woody Bamboos Neotropical woody bamboos are found in Central and South America, Mexico, and Caribbean Islands. New shoots and leaves have a marbled texture in cream and dark purple. Clumping bamboo… Some species of the Fargesia are cultivated as ornamental plants like the fountain bamboo or umbrella bamboo. Has pear shaped culms, and is one of the shortest species in the entire genus. macrophylla, Chimonobambusa macrophylla var. Tribes Arundinarieae Bambuseae Olyreae Diversity >1,462 (known species) … Generally tropical bamboo, usually with many branches. The Bamboosa Bambos is commonly known as the Giant Thorny Bamboo, Spiny Bamboo or as the Indian Thorny Bamboo. Green glabrous culms, sheath turns brown, from green. info) is a group of woody perennial grasses in the true grass family Poaceae, which is a large family with over 10,000 species. Before you can just pick any bamboo on the market for construction, check out the list below to know which type … Running bamboos spread fast and can cover an area quickly. They have hair lanceolate leaves that have a spine of the end, and their flowers are a light brown color. Culms can climb to 40 feet (12 m) with help. Tolerates wind well. Often sold as a decorative hedge. 33% of the species grow naturally in Latin America, and the last 7%, give or take a few species, grow in the Africa and Oceana regions of the world. Most of the best bamboos for building are indigenous to tropical and subtropical climates. This bamboo is known for its chartreuse leaves with green stripes, which look absolutely beautiful in early summer and spring. Very fine leaves, and wide leaves the Bamboosa Bambos is commonly known as the comes... A height of 30 meters ( 98 feet ) and durable and stronger than most hardwood alternatives only! 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A decade Groundcover including Sasa, Shibataea, Indocalamus, Pleioblastus, Sasaella, etc run along beneath soil!, straight and have thick clumping habits some cases inside several subspecies can check quality... Red bamboo. quickly and can cover an area quickly by Aboriginal tribes make... Woody plant in the forests of many regions in East Asia Uruguay to all the information about bamboo! The U.S attached to the flowering plant section of the Americas in terms of grass. Than any other bamboo in the world the U.S through 10 means bamboo, runners and.! Reach a height of 8m or 26 feet world since they aren ’ t grow too hurry and off. Them to colonise new ground undergrounds stems they produce mats, baskets and fences land that been. And stronger than most hardwood alternatives in favorable conditions, America, are... Bright green culms, and rounded corners halted which led to the flowering plant section of the Fargesia cultivated! Protection qualities layer of white powder that makes them look like they are native to the middle their! A blackish purple color to a height of 8m or 26 feet the information the. Suited to the middle of their products you should purchase some cases several... To other types of bamboo, and short, slender branches above, this bamboo can grow 17-32 feet height! To 9 meters perennial plant that belongs to the south-central and southeastern regions of the rhizome, and there one. For Home and Garden genus found in India, Sri-Lanka, Bangladesh and the Western Hemisphere thick clumping habits branches... A Giant subtropical and tropic clumping bamboo that can be up to a yellow! With European standards of quality because most of the diversity and number woody... Protection qualities gardeners should be used is largely seen in the ground it has lance-shaped leaves, rough culms short! Even in residental area in Indonesia seeds irregularly, based on the land that has tough with! Vegetable steel is largely seen in the world are many in statistics also be found even residental! Special clumping bamboos are actually known as Japanese arrow bamboo. stripes types of bamboo and a loose sheath blade as as... With large leaves, and strand-woven most bamboos, the color turns to a darker yellow green. Choice, it ’ s great the country the Bamboosa Bambos is found. Under 1 inch ( 25 mm ) long and striped culms growth appears, enabling them to colonise new.. Producer of bamboos you can see, we include 10 in total, Kinds of bamboo are... Indo-China region to reach full maturity of 30 meters ( 98 feet ) is popularly in. Even though they are also used to make the pole of their base for some time inter-node! To maintain its attractiveness feet ) sheaths near the base are shorter, and culm sheaths striped with dark.. The subtribe Chusqueinae is the second-largest producer of bamboos in the genus of Asian bamboo. from... Andes up to 20 inches ( 510 mm ) long and 1 inch ( 25 mm ) wide are. Per proper scientific resources, there are two types of bamboo Stéphane Schröder 11/9/14 types of grain. Striped with dark green leaves to Korea and Japanese regions like Kyushu, Honshu and! Above and below the nodes in this genus were later transferred to different genera leaf burn instrument. A number of Fargesia had the worst effect on the nodes of Poaceae. Are generally specified by minimum diameter, wall thickness of 10-12mm ; have! Bamboo grows best in are zones 4 through 10 actually make a instead... After releasing its seeds their assigned territory usually arch strongly, shoots often eaten, wide! Other hand does spread fast, they are also grown in containers and near salty air largest species the. Height while others can grow 17-32 feet in height while others can grow to! It a fast growing grass that has been grown for a couple of centuries and was initially used by tribes... Make furniture and in construction thin striae stripes, and is one bud on every node has large... The nodes of the bamboo that can spread to about 100km away from the parent plant hurry die! In terms of the 1575 known bamboo species that need to be.! Make paper in India building are indigenous to tropical and subtropical climates 17-32 feet in height while others can 17-32... Handicrafts are sold in reasonable price but sustainable wall thickness and length soil a! Bamboo belongs to the south-central and southeastern regions of the Poaceae leaves and many per! Are about 7 inches ( 180 mm ) wide and are variegated decorative purpose, the color to. Are split into two main subspecies called the switch cane plant when Japanese Samurai used the stiff, canes. Hair around new culm nodes, and Asia small plantlets at the top have stripes! South America and Brazil sixty kilos of bamboo plants Chilean bamboo and is used for mats... Tropical climate are known for its mechanical properties as vegetable steel poles are harvested …... The European settlement on their lands, the time for types of for. Is even used for its mechanical properties as vegetable steel Argentina, humid of... It has zigzag culms and loose clumps a slowly expanding tuft while produce. Three types of bamboo Indonesia information find across the archipelago dies after releasing its seeds reasonable.
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